Today, we will learn drawing tips from @BacGyver,
and the drawing tip topic for today is “Draw a Hanok”.
Hanok refers to the Korean traditional house architecture.
The lines of eaves made of natural ingredients like wood, soil, stone and paper
represent the beauty of Korean tradition.
The rooftop that softly pulls down and swiftly slants up towards the sky
embraces the grace of the eastern culture.
Today, we will use SketchBook, a drawing app, to draw a Hanok.
Shall we start?
TUTORIAL by @BacGyver
Draw a Hanok
I am @bacgyver.
Following last month’s drawing tip on drawing pets with pen brush,
I have come up with another tutorial for you; it’s about drawing architecture precisely with pen brush.
This was quite a tough process, but I am grateful to be able to share my pen drawing tips with you.
Among many architectures that I like drawing with pen, my favorite drawing subject is Hanok, Korea’s traditional architecture.
Hanok is an architecture that has the best combination of straight curvy lines and straight lines,
nature and artificial objects and yin and yang.
In particular, the curve lines of the rooftop and roof tile, the traditional tiles,
are the subjects of which their beauty stands out the most when expressed with pen.
I’ve found a picture of Hanok that I recently saw which came to me as great impression.
It is called “Chunwoogak” situated in Namsan Hanok village.
With a pond in the front, Mt. Namsan and Seoul N Tower at the back, as well as trees and flowers, everything comes in idealistic harmony with nature around the Hanok.
We will use white pen on black background this time as well.
Select black colored layer for background and choose white color for the pen.
To do an outline sketch, select pencil brush.
Adjust the thickness and transparency to adequate level.
Once ready, start outline by referring to two photos above.
You need to draw simple outlines first. The most important part is the spot of Hanok architecture.
I drew it a bit below from the middle.
Instead of locating the core subject at the center,
locating it a bit below from the center in accordance with the golden proportion will give you a more stable composition.
Properly locate the rest subjects – pond, stroll path, architecture shadow and trees.
Just get the very rough outlines. You can complete the details as you refer to the photo.
When you draw the architecture and shadow, you may draw it in a way that all the parallel lines are towards one circle in accordance with the perspective principle.
This way, you will get better perspective and dimensions.
You can get natural feel of the dimensions if you think of an imaginary line that stretches towards one dot as you sketch like the red guideline in the photo below.
When you come down to details, as I said in the previous drawing tip,
it will be better to use a brush with sharp points on both ends to give more natural feeling.
This time, we will use “inking pen”.
Since Hanok’s rooftop is mostly comprised of curvy lines, it is quite sophisticated to express.
But, it is really good way to show the style of the pen.
You don’t necessarily have to get down to too many details of the shadow of the subject.
It is never too awkward to skip the part.
You don’t need to draw the part since the pillar is already dark.
Just by drawing the trees in the background, the shape of the pillar will stand out naturally enough.
In order to check whether the details are properly expressed, hide the sketch layer.
(Click on the ‘eye’ of the layer)
How is it? Is it expressed well?
Keep on trying until you like it.
In the background, there are various subjects of diverse shapes with different characteristics.
You need to get on with different expression styles in accordance with the traits to express them more effectively.
Not only do you need to adequately select the proper thickness and transparency of the lines, short line, long line and dots, but you need to have different pressure and length of the stroke.
In particular, you need to keep close eyes on the surface texture of the subject.
First, let us express the details of the trees and mountain at the back.
For the nearer trees, get tough with comparatively thick lines.
The farther trees can be expressed with repeated short, dotted lines.
As the parts get lighter, you can express with more strokes or more opacity leveled brush.
For the farther mountain, you need to have thinner brushes for expression with fine dots as if you are doing a dotted drawing.
For the stones, I recommend you use a good combination of dots and vertical and horizontal lines.
First, express the highlights of the stone with light touches with the brush.
Then, lower the transparency level of the brush to fill out the parts with vertical and horizontal lines. This way, you could express the rough but hard texture of the stone.
For the grass, there are short ones and longer ones. Just use different stroke lengths appropriately.
The tree posts are mostly dark, so just simply use vertical lines ta the source of light.
The surface of the water will look natural if you express it simply with horizontal lines in accordance with the water current.
The reflection of the objects on the water current is quite hard.
It is indeed a part where you need to practice and try with much consideration put into the work.
Now, you need to draw a big tree on the left and the sky. But there is an issue.
You can use horizontal lines for the sky, but if you were to put in leaves on top of it,
the sky and the leaves will overlap, making it look too complex.
Drawing sky in between the entangled leaves will be very tricky too.
There are many different methods, but let me give you two tips.
①First, add a layer and express the sky with horizontal lines.
(under the condition that it is clear sky with no clouds)
Then, use the eraser brush and erase along the shape of the trees to give more of a silhouette look.
Here, use a pen brush to express the highlights of the leaves with short taps.
In this way, you could express the shadow and highlights of the trees without having it overlapped with the sky.
②the second way is to add a layer on top of the sky layer. Outline the trees with black pen brush and fill in the leaves in the same way you did in no.①
You can choose either way, but I recommend no. 2 for the convenience of coloring that will come later.
When you express the leaves, you need to take into consideration the direction of the leaves stretching to tap the pen in order to make the trees look more natural.
We will be almost done once we get more detailed sky expression.
The cloudless sky is somewhat too simple.
Let us put in some clouds.
I expressed the highlight and shadow of the cloud by adding finer horizontal lines on top of the existing vertical lines.
Using horizontal lines, curvy lines or dots for the clouds will make it look too rough and complex when they overlap with the horizontal lines of the sky.
The sky will look more dimensional with the clouds if you put in highlight with finer lines and less light surroundings with quite loose lines for the clouds.
Now that we are done with the clouds, we should express the clouds reflected in the pond, right?
Likewise, draw over the horizontal lines finely to express the clouds.
After getting it done, I see that N Tower, the heart of Seoul, seems to be too small.
So, I let it become bigger.
First, select the layer where the tower is drawn.
Press “selection” in the tools menu. Then choose “Lasso” in the selection types.
Select the tower with pen stroke.
Press “transform” from tools menu.
Use two fingers to enlarge the tower appropriately and adjust the location.
Here, you have a nice black pen drawing.
If the sketch looks dark after it’s done, you just need to duplicate the layer that you want.
The two layers will make it look brighter.
Merge the duplicated layer with the original layer to make it into one layer.
How is it? Hasn’t it become lighter?
Next, add a new layer at the very top to put in your signature.
Then, press “share” from the menu and choose “save to device” to store the completed black pen drawing.
We are now left with the last step – the joy of coloring.
First, press the lock button in each layer that needs coloring.
Refer to the original photo to color it with whatever colors you prefer.
Since the coloring only goes to the parts that are drawn, you can have neat and easy coloring.
The highlights and shadow are expressed to some extent in the black and white version already,
but you can emphasize the energy and the light and dark part with coloring.
For example, in case of the trees, woods and grass,
you can color with dark color and touch with light green for the highlights.
This way, you can bring more energy and dimension into life.
For Mt. Namsan at the far sight, it is more natural to use low density dark green color
instead of just green color in terms of “coloring perspective principles”.
In case of the sky, it is not too natural just to color the lines. The reason is that the black color of the background layer gets in the sight.
In this case, just add a layer on top of the background layer
and use the airbrush to color complimentarily in blue color to make the sky and clouds look smooth.
Here, you have a more energetic looking color drawing.
I’ve shared with you drawing tips on pen drawing and coloring in two series of the tutorials.
I hope these tutorials helped.
I always start with much aspirations, but there are some parts that come to me as rooms for improvement when done.
It was surely hard and long process, but I am grateful to have shared with you small tips.
I sincerely thank all of the PENPLEs who have come along the way with much interest.
Keep up the good work and continue to show your affection for PENUP so that it will be a place where we could share happiness with drawing. ^^
Isn’t it interesting to see how an attractive pen drawing comes to life?
In particular, how the sky comes to life with horizontal lines and how the landscape reflected on pond is expressed brought much amazement.
Try your own traditional architecture drawing with BacGyver’s drawing tips.
When you upload the drawings that came out of the drawing tips,
you can upload the mon “drawing tip” category or put in the #DrawingTips hashtag.
We will come back with next drawing tip tutorials.
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